Are you wondering why your hen stopped laying eggs? It means something is going on with your flock.
Raising chickens is a huge learning experience. My husband and I thought we had it all figured out. They’re just chickens after all! Then, one day, our hens stopped laying eggs.
We thought it was strange but figured it was a fluke. The next day proved it wasn’t a one-time event.
I was pretty baffled.
Why did my dependable girls suddenly stop laying eggs? We needed those eggs, so we had to figure it out quickly. What did I do? First, I called my grandma who raised chickens on a farm for half of her life.
Then, I turned to Google. Google is everyone’s friend. There were the answers I needed. I was surprised that there are multiple reasons a hen stops laying eggs! Let’s take a look so we can solve the problem fast!
9 Reasons Why Your Chickens Stopped Laying Eggs
1. Winter Causes Lack of Light
So, if it is wintertime, you’ve already figured out your issue. Many breeds continue to lay through the winter, but the production slows down greatly.
A hen needs 14 to 16 hours of daylight to lay a single egg. In the dead of winter, she may be lucky if she receives 10 hours. It is a natural period of slowing down.
Many people like to add supplemental light, but I also pick not to do so. I believe that chickens are designed to have this decrease. Ultimately, not supplementing with light allows the chicken’s egg-laying to span over more years.
Ultimately, it is up to you to decide if you want to supplement it. Just keep in mind that changes in weather and light can lead to a decrease in egg production.
If you want to add lights to your coop to increase egg production, use an incandescent 25-watt bulb. Use one bulb per 100 square feet of coop space. The lights need to be on a timer for a consistent light schedule for your chickens.
2. High Temperatures
Temperature, just like the light, is a huge factor in your hens’ egg production. If you have a sudden spike in temperature, hens can stop laying eggs. Our girls tended to dislike anything about 90 degrees really. I don’t blame them!
Likewise, really cold days can cause a decrease in egg production. Your hens have to adjust to the temperature.
3. Poor Nutrition Problems
If it isn’t wintering time, your next step should be to consider your feedings and supplemental choices. Chickens need a steady diet of fresh food and water. If you forgot to feed your chickens for a day or two (humans do these things), hens can stop laying altogether.
If your feeding schedule wasn’t disrupted, another good step is to make sure that your hens are eating quality food. They also need to have regular access to greens and foraging for bugs.
Even though it is fun, avoid giving too many treats. It can stop them from eating healthy food. Instead, send the kids to pull weeds to feed the chickens. That’s being productive!
Chickens need a balanced diet, just like you and me! They need to have appropriate amounts of protein, calcium, and salt. Your flock needs 38 different nutrients to stay healthy, and calcium is one of the most important vitamins for your laying hens. You also can try giving your flock oyster shells to boost their calcium levels!
Remember, fresh water is crucial for egg production.
4. Broody Hens
I love a broody hen, but that broodiness stops egg production. Instead of laying eggs, your hen is now focused on defending and hatching those eggs for the next 21 days or more.
You can try to break a hen of her broodiness, but I prefer just to let her go. Broodiness is a great way to create a self-sustaining flock. Also, it can take days or a week to break the broodiness. Letting her hatch the eggs is less work for you!
5. Molting Time
Do your girls suddenly look just plain ugly and losing feathers left and right? It might be time for fall molting. Molting is normal, but they often look as if they had a hard few days. It isn’t a time when your chicken flock looks the best.
Molting is when your chickens shed their old feathers and grow new ones. For most chickens, their first molt happens when they’re around 18 months old, and an entire molting cycle lasts 8-16 weeks. You have to be patient; your flock will be pretty once again soon.
As you can imagine, it takes a lot of energy and time for a hen to grow new feathers. Sometimes, to compensate for the energy sucker, hens will stop laying eggs.
Don’t worry; molting will be over soon, and eggs will start again soon! Molting often goes along with season changes. Our chickens tend to molt around fall or late summer.
6. The Age of Your Hens
Hens won’t steadily lay eggs for their entire life. At some point, they enter chicken retirement, or so I call it. Hens lay steadily between six to nine months (depends on breed) up to 2 years old.
Some of the best egg-laying chicken breeds lay up to 300 eggs per year, but that is the peak for most breeds. After that, they gradually start to produce fewer eggs.
Don’t worry; chickens do lay eggs after they are two years old, but it does tend to slow down. It isn’t abnormal for chickens to lay up to 7 years old. We have chickens that are four and five years old still laying steadily, but not daily.
It is up to you whether you want to keep chickens who entered egg-laying retirement. If you only have room for a small flock, it can be hard to keep a chicken that isn’t productive, but retired hens are valuable in your flock. They often become leaders and provide companionship for other birds.
7. Pests and Diseases Invade
Another major reason that your hens stopped laying eggs is that there is a pest or disease bother your flock. The two most common issues are lice and mites. A really bad infestation can stop a flock from laying regularly.
There are some signs that your flock is sick. Here are some things to identify:
- Abnormal poop
- Not laying eggs
- Coughing or making strange noises
- Quits eating or drinking
- Chickens are unable to stand up
Colds in chickens often produce slim in their nose area. Chickens will breathe with their mouth open due to nose blockage. You might notice their combs turning pale or constant itching.
8. Changes in Routine and Life
Chickens are like kids; they love routine and habits. If you change their routine, egg production could change. Changing or redesigning their coop can disrupt production. We added an addition and moved their run; our chickens didn’t like that for a few days!
Another change could be when you introduce new chickens to the flock. Sometimes, hens will go on a strike and stop laying eggs. How dare you add new chickens! Luckily, chickens will adapt if you give them a few days or week.
There is a chance your girls are laying eggs, but a predator is eating them. Predators love fresh eggs as much as we do. Snakes are famous for eating eggs. It can give you a startle to find a snake in your nesting box.
If you think this is your issue, the best step is to figure out how predator-proof your coop. Try to add more hardware cloth, extra netting and close up any holes where they might enter. These predators are small and smart!
Why Did Our Hens Stop Laying?
For us, our issue was that we disrupted their routine. We changed their coop design and added new members within days of each other. Our girls apparently were protesting all of the changes! They started laying again within days. Our breakfast table was thankful for the start up again!
More to Read About Chickens
- 11 Best Broody Hen Breeds
- 6 Best Chicken Breeds if You Live in the City
- Why Broodiness Isn’t a Bad Thing
- All About Fall Molting